Cabo San Lucas

Cabo San Lucas (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaβo san ˈlukas], Cape Saint Luke), commonly called Cabo, is a city at the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula, in the municipality of Los Cabos in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,463 people. It is the third-largest city in Baja California Sur after La Paz and San José del Cabo (although it is only slightly less populous than San José del Cabo), it has experienced very rapid growth and development, often with adverse environmental impact.
Cabo is known for its sandy beaches, world-class scuba diving locations, balnearios, the distinctive sea arch El Arco de Cabo San Lucas, and abundant marine life. The Los Cabos Corridor has become a heavily trafficked holiday destination with numerous resorts and timeshares along the coast between San Lucas and San José del Cabo.
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According to Hatsutaro's narrative contained in the book Kaigai Ibun (as written by David Waldner) when he arrived at Cabo San Lucas in May 1842 there were only two houses and about twenty inhabitants. However, American authors such as Henry Edwards and J. Ross Browne claim that Cabo San Lucas's founder was an Englishman named Thomas Ritchie, aka Old Tom Ritchie. J. Ross Browne says Ritchie arrived there about 1828,:):) while Edwards says that he died in October 1874. A fishing village began growing in the area when in 1917 an American company built a floating platform to catch tuna and ten years later founded Compañía de Productos Marinos S.A. The plant lasted several years in operation and experts in the area say that this tuna plant was the beginning of development at Cabo San Lucas.

The warmth of the waters at Cabo San Lucas, the beauty of its beaches, the abundance of sport fish, and nearby surfing motivated a great number of both foreign and Mexican vacationers to spend their vacations in large-scale tourist developments there, starting from 1974 when the Mexican government created the infrastructure to turn Cabo San Lucas into a major center for tourism in Mexico. Upon completion of the Transpeninsular highway, tourist developments in Los Cabos often proceeded relatively unchecked. However, the rapid loss of vast stretches of desert and marine habitat has made the development of Cabo San Lucas controversial. Until fairly recently, Mexico's unique and fragile environmental treasures were on their own and subjected to the predation of developers acting in concert with government agencies interested only in low-end tourist bonanzas. There is however, a growing collection of activists and attorneys now involved in preserving many of Baja's desert habitats, marine mammals and pristine stretches of coastline. A number of agencies including, The Gulf of California Conservation Fund and The Center for Environmental Law in La Paz are challenging the despoliation of wetlands and other ecosystems from Cabo to Ensenada. In the face of a growing international public demand for corporate driven ecological stewardship, higher-end resorts in the Los Cabos area are increasingly sensitive to their environmental impact and are taking initial steps to institute sustainable practices like reducing water usage and non-recyclable trash output.

Cabo San Lucas has become an important vacation and spa destination, with a great variety of sites of interest, and timeshares that have been built on the coast between San Lucas and San José del Cabo. The distinctive El Arco de Cabo San Lucas is a local landmark. Cabo San Lucas has the largest marlin tournament in the world. In the winter, pods of whales can be observed in the ocean. They bear their calves in the warm waters there. Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo are served by Los Cabos International Airport. The town is also a popular port of call for many cruise ships. Cabo San Lucas has a small international airfield, which handles air traffic for general aviation flights and air taxi service. In 1990 rock musician Sammy Hagar of Van Halen opened a nightclub and restaurant, the Cabo Wabo Cantina, with the three other members of Van Halen. In the mid-nineties he bought out the other owners, his band-mates, and assumed complete ownership of the club. He is known to play live at the club at least once a year with his band, The Wabos on his birthday, October 13, and shows often include many famous guests and friends from the music industry. Other clubs in Cabo include Pink Kitty Nightclub, Mandala, El Squid Roe, No Worry's Bar & Grill, Gigglin Marlin, NoWhere Bar, Tiki Bar, The Usual Suspects and The Jungle Bar.

Tourists may also take horserides through the desert and parasail on the beach.   Also known as the corredor del oro (Golden Corridor), the Corridor is where most tourists go and newcomers settled down in retirement homes. Cabo San Lucas's raucous party atmosphere and San José’s laid-back colonial style are bridged by a golf course-and resort-studded Tourist Corridor that stretches between the twin towns in 20 miles of pristine beaches and craggy coves. Exclusive hotels and gated residential communities attracting a wide clientele of rich and famous are found here. Many of these properties have become havens to Hollywood stars, Fortune 500 C.E.O.s and even the U.S. President during the 2002 Asia-Pacific Economic Conference (APEC). High-end resorts in the Corridor include the One and Only Palmilla, Esperanza and Las Ventanas. Now the majority of inhabitants (70-80%) in the community originate from the United States.